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The right to education should always be protected, regardless of the circumstances.

Although education should never be targeted by bullets, from 2013 to 2017 schools, students and teachers from at least 74 countries have been the victims of attacks. The right to education should always be protected, regardless of the circumstances; this right becomes even more crucial in times of war or widespread violence, since schools become spaces that provide protection in the midst of chaos.

The adoption of the Safe Schools Declaration, signed today by 90 countries, including Spain, and the Guidelines for Protecting Schools and Universities from Military Use during Armed Conflict (which, while non-binding, outline practical measures to better protect schools from attacks) are a significant step in the right direction to continue protecting education.

At Entreculturas we work to make schools a refuge for children and young people who have been forced to leave their homes, and we advocate protecting schools that protect.

Therefore, we recommend that the Spanish Government:
1.

Align their development and humanitarian aid policies with the Safe Schools Declaration and the Guidelines and implement them.

2.

Implement policies and international development and humanitarian aid programmes that:

– guarantee that schools are safe, protective spaces that cannot be used for military purposes during situations of prolonged crisis, forced displacement and armed conflicts.

 

– are focused on reducing future conflicts and promoting social cohesion.

 

– promote an education that does not discriminate against refugees and displaced persons.

 

– and place special focus on vulnerable groups like girls who, because of their age and gender, are at twice the risk (they face threats like sexual assault, early marriage and school drop-out).

3.

That 0.7% of the National Income to Development Assistance (AOD) be allocated to this goal, and 10% of this amount earmarked for Humanitarian Aid, 4% of which must be dedicated to education in emergencies.

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